Kay guitar value

Old Kay guitar here are some pictures of my old Kay guitar. it has L 1087 and N-1 stamped on the inside of the body. could anyone tell me something about this guitar? when it was made and what it might be worth, and anything else that you might know about this guitar? thanks for all your help.Airline® Guitars were made in Chicago, Illinois from 1958-68 by the VALCO company, and distributed by Montgomery Ward. VALCO also manufactured National and Supro brands. We've recreated these and other 1960's Chicago classics for a new generation of players. Vintage sound & style, modern playability.Electric Guitars: Vintage new & used / Second-hand electric guitars by Kay Teisco Del Rey Ray Tiesco Univox & Silvertone. Cheesy Japanese Surf Guitars Guitar also Ibanez Les Paul Pauls Fender Gibson Martin basses guitars for sale. Zon Legacy Elite 5 string Bass for sale as well. Electric Guitars: Vintage used electric bass guitars for sale by Kay Teisco Del Rey Ray Tiesco Univox & Silvertone.Learn more here: http://www.jimsmusic.com/store/p395/KayValueLeaderK1961SunburstGuitarTustinJim's staff member Mackie gives a great demo of the Kay Value Lea...Of course, that doesn't mean it will sell for anything close to that. If yours is all original that increases collector's value, and any original documentation does too. Kay Barney Kessel B6701B Artist 1959 Blonde Kay Barney Kessel B6701B Artist 1959 Blonde | The Guitar | Reverb. 09-09-2020, 11:35 AM #5.kay-guitar-wiring-diagrams 1/1 Downloaded from member.freedomlist.com on May 16, 2022 by guest Kay Guitar Wiring Diagrams Right here, we have countless ebook Kay Guitar Wiring Diagrams and collections to check out. We additionally give variant types and as a consequence type of the books to browse.Find promotional financing for your big screen TVs and major home appliances: refrigerators, washing machines and more. Hardwoods, laminate, carpet or tile, get the promotional financing for flooring that's the perfect touch for your home. We can help you manage health and wellness costs with financing for healthcare, dental and vision.This Kay-branded travel guitar, the K45 is currently for sale on eBay, and looks to be a pretty clean example. In the USA this guitar was known as the Austin Hatchet. Built in the early 80s, this guitar features a laminated through-neck construction, and has nut, bridge and fingerboard dot inlays all made of brass.July 1st, The Kay Musical Instrument Company is formed [8] 1938 [9] 62 employees were involved in the production of instruments Instruments were sold through 40 wholesalers in 15 states on top of mail order The total sales of the company amounted to around $250,000 60 percent of all finished instruments were sold outside of Illinois 1965the section of the vintage hofner website which deals with the many guitar and bass guitar models produced by the hofner company from the late 1940's up to the present day. ***** this is the vintage hofner website's 23rd year ***** ***** 1999 to 2022 ***** courtesy of jürgen bachmann. main website index ...John D´Angelico was a native New Yorker, and his foremost guitar designs included features in the geometric Art Deco style that was enormously popular in New York at the time, and was widely used for architectural and industrial applications. The signature ziggurat inlay, which appeared on the first New Yorker model headstock, became D ...Value of 1986 1962 Re-issue Discussion in 'Stratocaster Discussion Forum ... (some call this Seafoam Green), Sonic Blue, and a special "Mary Kay" see-through Blonde with gold hardware. From our experience, custom colors among Corona factory guitars are more common than the earlier Fullerton factory reissues. ... The guitar as a Metalic Green ...The Kay 503 had a 3.9 Meg resistor--I substituted a 15 Meg. This gives the preamp perhaps a bit more 'gain.' -- Input Stage : I removed the 22K resistor tied to GND here, as it wasn't wired correctly, anyway (it was wired directly to GND before the series resistor--effectively making the circuit for inputs #2 & #3 different from #1.Costing $125 at the time ($1,140 today), these guitars had a solid run throughout the 1950s. K-125, circa 1953 View the Listing With the Thin Twin being the flagship Kay electric of the time, the most affordable model was the K-125. These were full-scale guitars at 25-¾", but the entire guitar was only 37" long.Genesis Live The Way We Walk $ 260 max 251 found. Queens First Ep $ 929 max 59 found. Neil Young Stars $ 208 max 230 found. Led Zeppelin Dinosaur $ 180 max 60 found. Genesis And Then There Were Three $ 399 max 299 found. Neil Young Mans Fancy $ 183 max 257 found. Elvis Presley Please Release Me $ 112 max 86 found.Huge selection of top brand guitar & bass electronics, pickups, parts & hardware. Plus hundreds of free guitar wiring diagrams. Free shipping over $49.00.Carolyn Mani. West Coast Director, Trusts and Estates. 1-800-872-6467 Ext. 1677. [email protected] View Bio. Carolyn Mani's background includes twenty-four years of experience in both live and online auctions, as well as an extensive background in appraising and vetting Furniture and Decorative Arts, Fine Art, Collectibles, Musical Instruments ...Kay Musical Instruments Kay Musical Instruments began building guitars in the early 1930s including the classic K-161 Thin Twin used by bluesmen Howlin' Wolf and Jimmy Reed. In the 1950s, Kay began building Silvertone's for Sears, Airline's for M. Wards, and subcontracted amplifier production to Valco.Fretdancer CD's and Online Vintage Acoustic Guitar Museum, Paul Brett, Sage, John Joyce, Michele Breeze, Boudicca, Original One Performer Musical Plays,Elizabeth 1, Wales, Acoustic GuitarsI would like to know the value of a like new Kay guitar mentioned in the subject line. This was a Fathers Day gift to me. Thank You, Jim Perry. reply; my kay acoustic guitar L1834 serial number. Posted by Nick k on Tue, 01/13/2015 - 17:02.Vintage Guitar Price provides you with tools to quickly assess and segment the guitar market based on your interests. We have data covering 1400+ manufacturers for the past 20 years. Create your own personal fund of guitars to easily monitor price changes. Our database contains over 30,000 guitars of values between $50 - $500K.Vintage 1950's Kay Solo King K4102 Electric Guitar. After the War, Fender's Telecaster didn't seem to get much attention from mass manufacturers, but the Gibson Les Paul did, and by 1953 Kay, Harmony, and Valco were producing solidbodies. Kay's, interestingly enough, were unibody construction, which basically means neck-through-body.These legendary guitars helped shape the sound of a generation in the hands of players like Howlin' Wolf, Jimmy Reed (Reed's guitar tone is the most famous example of the unique, thick & biting "Kay sound"), Big Joe Williams, Barney Kessel, Eric Clapton and Paul McCartney, all of whom played Kay guitars back in the day.Genesis Live The Way We Walk $ 260 max 251 found. Queens First Ep $ 929 max 59 found. Neil Young Stars $ 208 max 230 found. Led Zeppelin Dinosaur $ 180 max 60 found. Genesis And Then There Were Three $ 399 max 299 found. Neil Young Mans Fancy $ 183 max 257 found. Elvis Presley Please Release Me $ 112 max 86 found.Acoustic Guitar Saddles. The saddle sits directly in front of the bridge pins on an acoustic guitar. The position of the saddle affects: Intonation (the guitar's ability to play in tune) Action (string height above frets) Tone (different materials change tonal properties) Most acoustic guitar saddles are either 3/32" or 1/8" wide. Types of SaddlesFender Custom Shop: Turning musical dreams into realities. Finely crafted guitars and basses created by artists, for the artistGuitar.com is the world's leading authority and resource for all things guitar. We provide insight and opinion about gear, artists, technique and the guitar industry for all genres and skill levels.The Japanese guitar industry before 1970 had been cheap, low-quality guitars, usually made of plywood, many short-scale, with 19 or 20 frets instead of the accepted 21 or over, and mostly exported to other countries to be sold by different companies. Notable makers of these guitars are the now long defunct Guyatone, whose guitars were notably ...The current line of Kay instruments sold by A.R. Enterprises include low-priced acoustic, electric and bass guitars, and moderately priced banjos, ukuleles, mandolins and resonators. All imported from China. K-161 Thin Twin guitar and K-162 Electronic Bass K-162 electronic bass (1952-59/1966)Guitar ID and Appraisal. Browse all Electric Guitars. Browse all AXL Guitars. There are many reasons for determining the precise age of your used guitar. The most important one is probably pricing the instrument appropriately when you're looking to sell it. Prices for certain vintage models vary by thousands of dollars depending on whether it ...July 1st, The Kay Musical Instrument Company is formed [8] 1938 [9] 62 employees were involved in the production of instruments Instruments were sold through 40 wholesalers in 15 states on top of mail order The total sales of the company amounted to around $250,000 60 percent of all finished instruments were sold outside of Illinois 1965Adjustable Fixed Bridge and Tailpiece For Teisco Harmony Kay Imports Electric Guitar Parts 1 Set. 4.2 out of 5 stars. 7. $12.99. $12. . 99. Get it Fri, May 20 - Wed, Jun 15. $5.00 shipping.Rainbow Kisses Top Handle Bag. $360.00. In the Pink Crossbody Makeup Bag. $58.00. Sunflower Power Crossbody Clutch. $175.00. Listen In Crossbody Headphones Handbag. $375.00. Express Yourself Crossbody Phone Bag.Nashville's friendliest vintage guitar store, featuring new and used guitars, basses, mandolins, banjos, ukes and other collectibles.The 2016 SJ-200 Guitar is world's most famous acoustic guitar, and certainly one of the most popular among the professional guitarists. The fret board edge is softened so that the the fret board fits to the contour of the player's hand. The finishing is Antique natural Finish , done with a finishing oil which maximizes the wood's natural ...Guitar tablature GUITAR FINGERINGS. Fingerings are indicated with small numbers and letters in the notation. Fretting-hand fingering is indicated with 1 for the index finger, 2 the middle, 3 the ring, 4 the pinky, and T the thumb. Picking-hand fingering is indicated by i for the index finger, m the middle, a the ring, c the little finger, and p the thumb. . Circled numbers indicate the string ...With our written appraisal - free upon request with every instrument we sell - we authenticate and value your instrument 2120 8th Av S Nashville, TN 37204 Directions Monday - Saturday 10:00a - 6:00p Closed Sundays Holiday ScheduleFind promotional financing for your big screen TVs and major home appliances: refrigerators, washing machines and more. Hardwoods, laminate, carpet or tile, get the promotional financing for flooring that's the perfect touch for your home. We can help you manage health and wellness costs with financing for healthcare, dental and vision.Kay offered their first electric guitar in 1936—five years after the Rickenbacker Frying pan, and the same year as the Gibson ES-150. Valco merged with Kay Musical Instrument Company in 1967, however the merged company quickly went out of business in 1968 because of financial difficulties.Mary Kaye Stratocaster. SOLD. One of my favorite Fenders has always been the Mary Kaye Stratocaster. An original one from the 50s are one of the most sought after and expensive collectible Fender guitars fetching way more that most players and many collectors could afford. Fender Custom Shop Reissues can cost $5K to $8K.A lot of us turn to Blue Book / Price Guides for instrument valuation. I believe this is a good resource for arriving at an estimate of an instruments current value. One should bare in mind that Blue Books can't predict changing economic times and regardless of an estimated value, it's only worth what someone is willing to pay for it, as they say.1962 Kay Value Leader 3x PickUps - Sunburst 1962 Kay Value Leader 3x PickUps version in Sunburst finish. All original and in excellent condition for its age. Very minor playwear, lightweight, singlecutaway thinline maple body with 3x chromecovered pickups, 3x Volumen/-3x Tone controls and a four-way switch for a variety of settings. Untouched solderjoints, all 6(!) pots are dated 1962. Great ...AcousticGuitar.com. "Michael Kelly Guitars has steadily gained a reputation for offering big bang for the buck.". Vintage Guitar magazine, October 2014. "Never met a Michael Kelly yet that didn't feel like a top-of-the-line instrument that would cost way more!". Eddie Knight, Facebook.Nov 01, 2008 · The H182, H1204, H1203 all had slim line necks with celluloid bound headstocks. The H1204, the one that Grandpa Dave stocked, was black, with large decorated pickgaurd. There was also an HTG1201 Tenor guitar that was available. "Harmony Acoustic guitars lead the industry in value-giving. Kay Vintage Reissue guitars are masterpieces of art as well as fine musical instruments with a unique sound and feel you will not find with any other guitar. Kay Guitars have been played by some of the world's most recognizable musicians. Taylor Swift, Paul McCartney, Elvis Presley, Eric Clapton, Dwayne Eddy, Barney Kessel ..... the list goes on.The market leader in student basses once again raises the bar for quality and value. Modeled after the popular basses from the 1940's and 1950's, the SB-4 easily meets and exceeds the demands of any player, from the working professional to the more advanced-level student.Airline® Guitars were made in Chicago, Illinois from 1958-68 by the VALCO company, and distributed by Montgomery Ward. VALCO also manufactured National and Supro brands. We've recreated these and other 1960's Chicago classics for a new generation of players. Vintage sound & style, modern playability.There are many different ways to value a guitar. The most common way is to look at similar guitars that have been sold recently and use that as a guide. You can also get an estimate from a guitar appraiser. Nonetheless, the best way to determine how much your guitar is worth is to find out the history yourself.The Kay / Univox Effector is an interesting and rare piece of guitar history but it's not difficult to understand why the built in effect technology didn't take off in a big way. It's been nice to work on I'm pleased I had the opportunity to fix this one up as best as I could.Guitar.com is the world's leading authority and resource for all things guitar. We provide insight and opinion about gear, artists, technique and the guitar industry for all genres and skill levels.Feb 15, 2010 · Slightly less mysterious cool guitar: Kay Value Leader (name found) For guitars of the straight waisted variety (or reverse offset). 14 posts • Page 1 of 1. thisisnickpaige. PAT. # 2.972.923. Posts: 1918. Joined: Mon Feb 15, 2010 6:25 am. Location: Oslo, Norway. These legendary guitars helped shape the sound of a generation in the hands of players like Howlin' Wolf, Jimmy Reed (Reed's guitar tone is the most famous example of the unique, thick & biting "Kay sound"), Big Joe Williams, Barney Kessel, Eric Clapton and Paul McCartney, all of whom played Kay guitars back in the day.Contact Vintage Guitar at (800) 844-1197 • [email protected] Skype.Sep 10, 2006. Southern PA. Bass Hobby'ist. To the best of my understanding…Kay used pencil serial numbers along with the paper label until around the early 1940's. My 1943 Kay M1 has machine stamped numbers where as my 1937's, 1939, 1941 and 1942 are penciled in.This Kay-branded travel guitar, the K45 is currently for sale on eBay, and looks to be a pretty clean example. In the USA this guitar was known as the Austin Hatchet. Built in the early 80s, this guitar features a laminated through-neck construction, and has nut, bridge and fingerboard dot inlays all made of brass.Because the guitar was always sounding good, Id looked around for a stock replacement body. The screw configuration of the old body the pickguard was the 1959-1962 Style. Therefore I not only bought the body from Vintage Correct Parts but also the matching pickguard.Arguably one of the finest guitars ever made by Kay, the Gold "K" Barney Kessel Jazz Special was a $400 guitar in 1959, which is a whopping $3,341 today. Kay Barney Kessel ModelMary Kaye Stratocaster. SOLD. One of my favorite Fenders has always been the Mary Kaye Stratocaster. An original one from the 50s are one of the most sought after and expensive collectible Fender guitars fetching way more that most players and many collectors could afford. Fender Custom Shop Reissues can cost $5K to $8K.Vintage Kay banjo 5 string gold eagle (expired) Used - Very Good Condition / Country: United States - State: CA Last Updated 9/5/2014. $175.00: Vintage 4 string banjo kay guitar (expired) Used - Very Good Condition / Country: United States - State: CA Last Updated 7/18/2014. $175.00: Kay 5 String Resonator Banjo (1950's) (expired)Contact. NORM'S RARE GUITARS 18969 VENTURA BLVD. TARZANA, CA 91356 (818) 344-8300. Social ConnectionNew Arrivals. Fender Jazzmaster 1964 Sunburst $ 12950.00. Gibson Les Paul Studio 2016 Satin Fireburst $ 1250.00. 1976 Hiwatt DR-103 Custom 100 Watt Guitar Amplifier Head DR103 $ 4150.00. 1985 Mesa Boogie Mark III 100 Watt Combo No Stripe Non EQ $ 1995.00. Gibson LG-1 1948 Sunburst $ 3450.00. Gibson Trini Lopez Standard 1966 Cherry Red $ 9250.00.Feb 19, 2020 · Transformers was a popular toy back in the 80s and was released by Hasbro, a toy company, in 1984. During those days, kids all over the world had to get one, and if you were to have yours still now, you could sell it for upwards of $2000. Just ensure they are still in the original packaging. Transformers. The Sears Silvertone radio and Silvertone guitar, two highly collectible items today, are largely responsible for America's fond recollection of the Sears-Silvertone connection. In 1915, Sears introduced the Silvertone phonograph, a hand-cranked machine that came in tabletop and freestanding models. All phonographs came with a two-week, money ...Learn more here: http://www.jimsmusic.com/store/p395/KayValueLeaderK1961SunburstGuitarTustinJim's staff member Mackie gives a great demo of the Kay Value Lea...July 1st, The Kay Musical Instrument Company is formed [8] 1938 [9] 62 employees were involved in the production of instruments Instruments were sold through 40 wholesalers in 15 states on top of mail order The total sales of the company amounted to around $250,000 60 percent of all finished instruments were sold outside of Illinois 1965KAY N-6 Arch Top $1,403.00 $228.00 shipping Vintage late 1960s Kay acoustic "music note" parlor guitar, a dimestore classic. $175.00 $138.55 shipping Vintage 1950s Kay K12 Concert Acoustic Guitar #45508 $499.00 $36.33 shipping or Best Offer 50's or 60's Kay USA Classical Acoustic Guitar Model K7000 Model K7000 $149.99 $49.99 shipping or Best OfferKustom Classic Guitar is our website that brings the best in class of electric guitars into one place. Our brands of Hamiltone, Stratotone and Old Kraftsman have seen great action on stage for music fans everywhere. If you are a musician that loves to play - consider some of the best names in the industry for electric guitars.Acoustic Guitars Acoustic Guitars. The full line of Michael Kelly acoustic guitars are feature-packed and built on sound. Each utilizes classic dovetail construction along with either solid spruce tops, or a wide selection of exotic wood tops.Give us a call. 1960s Prestige Unknown Model Guitar. A really clean and extremely well playing Harmony Stella Model H6128.These are very well made and strong. Shop by category. eB All brands and manufacturers. Show only makers of specific products. Are any brands missing from the list? You can add them here.Guitars: 1964 "JB Hutto" Res-O-Glass Airline, Kay K6533 Value Leader The thing about Jack White's penchant for pawnshop is that as soon as he picks it up and electrifies it with whatever voodoo mojo is coming through his fingertips, well, that cheapo six-string becomes one of the most sought-after guitars on the market.Oceano, California, 934**, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. $550. 1970-75 Epiphone FT-165 Bard 12 String Acoustic Guitar - Blue Label -Japan Nice! This guitar is in exceptional condition for a 50 year old vintage 12 string. No cracks on top, no finish or fret wear, nothing but a couple of tiny dings and a small finish blem on the headstock corner that ...Hi, i am a private collector and player of Fender and Gibson vintage guitars and amps located in Sydney Australia, I am collecting mostly pre 1970, i bought my first guitar a 1962 black Fender Stratocaster serial number 1521 in 1973 for $475 from Barry farrells music, unfortunately it was stolen, I then bought a 1962 Fiesta red stratocaster for $650 which at the time seemed like a fortune, but ...During the past 20 years, baby boomers looking to reclaim their lost, garage-band youth have contributed to the surge in vintage guitar collecting. As you'd expect, prices for the best examples have risen accordingly. But whether it's a pre-World War II Martin flat top, a Gibson Les Paul from the 1950s, or a Fender Stratocaster like the one ...Ends Today! Save $$$ at Guitar Center's Epic Guitar-A-Thon Sale. By Rod Brakes published 4 May 22. You only have one more day to make huge savings across a range of brands including Fender, Gretsch, Music Man, Gibson, Epiphone, Jackson and Schecter.Guitar.com is the world's leading authority and resource for all things guitar. We provide insight and opinion about gear, artists, technique and the guitar industry for all genres and skill levels.Mary Kaye Stratocaster. SOLD. One of my favorite Fenders has always been the Mary Kaye Stratocaster. An original one from the 50s are one of the most sought after and expensive collectible Fender guitars fetching way more that most players and many collectors could afford. Fender Custom Shop Reissues can cost $5K to $8K.1962 Kay Value Leader 3x PickUps - Sunburst. 1962 Kay Value Leader 3x PickUps version in Sunburst finish. All original and in excellent condition for its age. Very minor playwear, lightweight, singlecutaway thinline maple body with 3x chromecovered pickups, 3x Volumen/-3x Tone controls and a four-way switch for a variety of settings. Elvis Presley receives his first guitar. In competing versions of the story, what Elvis Presley really wanted for his birthday was a rifle or a bicycle—both fairly typical choices for a boy his ...Feb 15, 2010 · Slightly less mysterious cool guitar: Kay Value Leader (name found) For guitars of the straight waisted variety (or reverse offset). 14 posts • Page 1 of 1. thisisnickpaige. PAT. # 2.972.923. Posts: 1918. Joined: Mon Feb 15, 2010 6:25 am. Location: Oslo, Norway. Learn more here: http://www.jimsmusic.com/store/p395/KayValueLeaderK1961SunburstGuitarTustinJim's staff member Mackie gives a great demo of the Kay Value Lea...Call/Text 404-580-8057 [email protected] WE PAY TOP DOLLAR FOR VINTAGE GUITARS AND BASSES - Entire Collections or Individual pieces —. Deciding to sell is hard enough, but we can make the process easy. We Will Pay Cash for Your Guitar, No Consignments or Dealer Fees. And Your Guitar stays in your hands until after you get paid.Download sheet music for Ballad For Kay (from album Natural Elements) by Acoustic Alchemy. Arrangement: Tablature (rhythm. values) for guitar - guitar 2 part.Hofner produces a large range of classical and acoustic guitars and an exciting range of electric guitars. Today we are the largest manufacturer of stringed instruments in Europe exporting products throughout the world through our extensive dealer network. Mary Kaye Stratocaster. SOLD. One of my favorite Fenders has always been the Mary Kaye Stratocaster. An original one from the 50s are one of the most sought after and expensive collectible Fender guitars fetching way more that most players and many collectors could afford. Fender Custom Shop Reissues can cost $5K to $8K.Carolyn Mani. West Coast Director, Trusts and Estates. 1-800-872-6467 Ext. 1677. [email protected] View Bio. Carolyn Mani's background includes twenty-four years of experience in both live and online auctions, as well as an extensive background in appraising and vetting Furniture and Decorative Arts, Fine Art, Collectibles, Musical Instruments ...I would like to know the value of a like new Kay guitar mentioned in the subject line. This was a Fathers Day gift to me. Thank You, Jim Perry. reply; my kay acoustic guitar L1834 serial number. Posted by Nick k on Tue, 01/13/2015 - 17:02.Same identical guitar made by Kay and ordered with the Gretsch logo which became Gretsch's first name-branded guitar, the Gretsch Electric Spanish in 1939/1940. The Oahu logo-version was made by Kay and ordered by Oahu Publishing Co, a music-store and rebranded-instrument distributor. northwood dusk vanitythe axepython program to count vowels in a string using functioncowra guardian sporthow to build an outdoor bench seatminn kota edge quick release bracketboard shorts san diegobanfield chicagoruger new model blackhawk 45 colt reviewseas w12cy0034g mifi logingeo tracker oil capacitydairy queen kolkataplotly scatter color based on valuefrederickcountyfiresort with comparator pythonano ang dahilan ng rebolusyong industriyalpic12c508a 04 p datasheetlaptop chargers ukguru synonyms in sanskritkyler butlerpro football on tv tonightcalf table chuteroku software update2013 chevy silverado 1500 door panel partsarm tatoohbcu fact sheetpavel tsatsouline injuryc++ program for bio datafh5 dlcndms summit 2021beastly anime pornnastran mesh file formatpioneer credit recovery irssacad meeqa ukala baxaasquamish rentalsvendor doesn t have enough money cyberpunk upgradeyamaha 12 volt raptordraper wood lathe spares2x2 picture printsmexican porn starskaisy dineroo pornshiner tap handlestreaming ghostbusters1987 uncirculated coin setfree gem code theotowncar awning retractableused truck parts ctgoofy blanketmovie the triangleestes park winter festivaltemporary jobs bronx nyfence post cheap for salesection 8 duplexes in miamiharry potter rayquaza fanfictionwar af somali mysomalitransition quoteshover 1 bikecosa sono i bitcoinfree numerologyipad email shows paperclip but no attachmenton place skriptdirt bikes for 8 year oldsinsydeh20 setup utility ram speed 10l_2ttl